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Secure Communications
Secure Devices
Secure Online Activities
Threats
Active Content & Cookies
Banking Online
Chat Rooms
Child Safety Online
Cloud Computing
Digital Footprint Concept
Erasing Files
Filtering Mechanisms
Personal Privacy
Secure Payments Online
Social Networking
Web Browsing Security Basics
Web Browsing Security Basics

The internet is a way to stay connected with friends and family. For many people, it’s also a way to stay current on news, research information or shop online. The Internet has also become a popular method for banking, paying bills and completing and submitting applications and forms.
How does it work?

Many criminal activities online depend upon a lack of a user’s security awareness. Criminals can send out hundreds upon thousands of hooks (called Phishing) in the form of spam emails hoping to catch a few users who will make their efforts worthwhile. Malicious links contained in phishing emails, scareware and other deceptions usually attempt to convince the user to click on a link or buy software through quite convincing claims or offers.

Protecting yourself online is a combination of using an up-to-date anti-virus programme and internet browser whilst also having an awareness of the threats.

When submitting sensitive data such as logging into your email, bank or social network you should ensure the connection to the website is secured by a digital certificate. Use of an identifying certificate by the website is indicated in the address bar of the Internet browser, it will always read https:// rather than http://, check for the “s” at the end before you log in.

There are more advanced options and features you can enable in your internet browser that can help identify potentially unsafe websites or search results. More information on browser security can be found in the useful links section.

What risk does it pose?

• The victim may have their identity stolen leading to financial damage.
• The files of the user’s machine or device can be damaged or stolen.
• The user’s machine may be used to send out Spam to other users

How can I avoid it from happening?

• Install and maintain anti-virus software on your computer or device.
• Keep your internet browser up-to-date.
• Be alert to unusual computer activity or problems.
• Install and maintain a firewall on your computer.
• Use a modern browser with features such as a pop-up blocker.
• Avoid storing sensitive material indefinitely on your computer.
• Change your passwords often.
• Beware of links sent via instant messaging and e-mail attachments.

Top Tips

• Be suspicious of any emails or websites offering something too good to be true; it probably is.
• Use strong passwords containing numbers, uppercase and lowercase letters and symbols.
• Use up-to-date anti-virus software on your computer


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